Minggu, 10 Maret 2013

CONTOH KALIMAT DENGAN SIMPLE TENSE DAN CONTINUOUS


Dalam pembuatan kalimat simple past tense tidak terlalu sulit. Berikut ini rumusnya:
Positif: Subjek + V2
Negatif: Subjek + Did not + V1
Pertanyaan: Did + Subjek + V1 + ?

contoh

Positif
I Went to school yesterday.
My mother bought a new car last month.
Roni got up early last Sunday.
The boy played games in this room 5 minutes ago.
Negatif

I did not go to school yesterday.
My mother did not buy a new car last month.
Roni did not get up early last Sunday.
The boy did not play games in this room 5 minutes ago.

Pertanyaan
Did you go to school yesterday? Yes, I did/No, I did not
Did your mother buy a new car last month? Yes, she did/No, She did not
Did Roni get up early last Sunday? Yes, he did/No, He did not
Did the boy play games in this room 5 minutes ago? Yes, he did/ No, he did not



Rumus Simple Present Tenses
POSITIF    ( + ): S + V1 (s/es) + Object + Adverb
NEGATIF   ( - ) : S + DO/DOES + NOT + V1  + Object + Adverb
TANYA       ( ? ): DO/DOES + Subject + V1 + Object + Adverb

+ I go to school everyday
-  I do not go to school everyday
?  Do you go to school everyday ? Yes i do / No, i do not.

+ They study english every monday
-  They do not study english every monday
? Do they study english every day ? Yes, we do / No, we do not.

+ The boys come late.
-  The boys do not come late.
? Do the boys came late ? Yes, we do / No, we do not.

Future Simple Tense sering juga disebut sebagai Present Future Simple Tense atau lebih dikenal sebagai Simple Future Tense. Secara sederhana Tenses ini diartikan sebagai bentuk waktu yang menjelaskan tentang suatu peristiwa yang akan terjadi di masa mendatang.
RUMUS:

(1) Kalimat Verbal
Kalimat Positif = Subjek + will/shall + V1 + dll
Kalimat Negatif = Subjek + will/shall + not + V1 + dll
Kalimat Tanya = Will/Shall + Subjek + V1 + dll?

(2) Kalimat Non-Verbal
Kalimat Positif = Subjek + will/shall + be + dll
Kalimat Negatif = Subjek + will/shall + not + be + dll
Kalimat Tanya = Will/Shall + Subjek + be + dll?

+ They will go home soon.
- They will not go home soon.
? Will they go home soon?

+ She will be here tomorrow.
- She won’t be here tomorrow.
? Will she be here tomorrow?

Present continuous tense adalah bentuk kata kerja yang digunakan untuk membicarakan aksi yang sedang berlangsung sekarang (present) atau rencana dimasa depan (future). Karena dapat digunakan pada present atau future, tense ini sering diiringi adverb of time untuk memperjelasnya.

Rumusnya:
Positif: S + Tobe + Ving
Negatif: S + Tobe+ Not+ Ving
Tanya:   Tobe + S + Ving

+ I am writing now
- I am NOT writing now
? Are you writing now?

present perfect 

Present perfect tense adalah suatu bentuk kata kerja yang digunakan untuk mengungkapkan suatu aktivitas atau situasi yang telah dimulai di masa lalu dan telah selesai pada suatu titik waktu tertentu di masa lalu atau masih berlanjut sampai sekarang.

Rumusnya Present Perfect Tense begini:
Positif: S + have/has + V3
Negatif: S + have/sas Not + V3
Tanya:   Have/has + S + V3

Contoh Present Perfect Tense
Positif: She has gone (Dia baru saja pergi)
Negatif: She has not gone
Tanya: Has She gone?

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